Summer is in full swing, and the risk of heat stroke comes with it. Every year, there are cases of people dying from this preventable condition. It’s essential to know how to protect yourself from heat stroke, especially if you’re someone who works or exercises outdoors. Here, we will discuss some tips on how to prevent heat stroke.
1. Wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing
Wearing too tight or heavy clothing can trap heat and cause your body temperature to rise. Choose a dress that is light in color and breathable, like cotton. Also, protect your head and face with a hat or visor.
2. Stay hydrated
It is essential to drink plenty of fluids, especially water when it’s hot outside. Avoid beverages that contain alcohol or caffeine, as these can dehydrate you. Drink small sips of water often rather than large gulps. And if you’re sweating a lot, replenish your electrolytes with a sports drink. According to recent research, coconut water is an excellent natural electrolyte drink.
3. Take frequent breaks
If you’re going to be outside for an extended period, take a break in the shade or air conditioning every 20 minutes. This will help your body temperature to stay calm. Many people don’t realize how long they’ve been in the sun until they feel dizzy or nauseous.
4. Protect against sunburn
Sunburn affects your body’s ability to cool itself and can lead to heat stroke. Be sure to use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15, and reapply it every two hours. Wear sunglasses and a hat to protect your face from the sun’s rays. Usually, sunburns happen before you realize it, so be sure to take these precautions even on cloudy days.
5. Take extra precautions with certain medications
Certain medications can make you more susceptible to heat stroke. These include diuretics, beta-blockers, and antipsychotics. If you take any of these medications, drink plenty of fluids and take breaks outdoors in hot weather. You should consider talking to your doctor about changing your prescription if you cannot stay cool in the heat.
6. Never leave anyone in a parked car
Leaving someone in a parked car, even for a short period, can be deadly. The temperature inside a car can rise to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit within minutes, even if the windows are cracked open. If you see someone in a parked vehicle who appears to be in distress, call 911 immediately. Many states have laws that protect Good Samaritans from liability in these situations.
7. Be aware of the signs of heat stroke
The symptoms of heat stroke include high body temperature, red, hot, dry skin, headache, dizziness, nausea, and confusion. If you find someone with these symptoms, move them to a cool area immediately. Cool the person down with cool clothes or a fan and have them drink cool water if they can.
Heat stroke is a severe condition that can be deadly. However, it’s also preventable. You can protect yourself from heat stroke this summer by taking some simple precautions. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids, wear loose-fitting clothing, and take breaks often when outdoors in hot weather